India’s Top diamond
There are diamonds, and then there are diamonds. In the below column, we take a look at the rarefied group of stones that fall into the latter category. These several gems have been bestowed with proper nouns; have histories of royal ownership; weigh up to 3,100 carats; and, in some instances, may or may not be cursed. These most expensive diamond are the most wanted one that almost all people in the world want to save in their mansion or palace.
A partial list of famous diamonds in history follows:
Akbar Shah Diamond:
The Akbar Shah diamond is also known as the “Lustre of the Peacock Throne“, is a diamond dating back to the Mughal dynasty of India. It is an irregular, pear-shaped diamond with a light green hue, weighing 73.60 carat.
The Akbar Shāh diamond was once the property of the Mughal emperor Akbar. It was engraved on two faces with inscriptions in Arabic, by order of his grandson Shāh Jahān. The English translation of them is ‘Shāh Akbar, the Shāh of the World, 1028‘, and ‘To the Lord of two worlds, 1039“. The dates are given according to the Hijrī years, and correspond to 1618 and 1629 of the Christian era.
The diamond was purchased by Malhar Rao Gaekwad of Baroda, India, for what was said to have been 350,000 rupees (about £26,000).
The Archduke Joseph is a colorless diamond, it has a antique cushion-shaped. Archduke Joseph originally weighing 78.54 carat, This antique piece was purchased by Molina Jewelers of Arizona, in the late-1990’s and slightly re-cut to 3.45 carat to improve clarity and symmetry.
It is on the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) color and clarity scales, a D grade (colorless to the highest grade), IF (Internally Flawless, flawless to the second highest grade) diamond and the largest DIF ever graded at the GIA; and it is of type IIa (as determined by the Gübelin Gem Lab of Lucerne, Switzerland).
The Beau Sancy originally weighing 34.98-carat (6.996 g) and it was modified as “pear double rose cut”. The Beau Sancy diamond takes its name from Nicolas de Harlay, Lord of Sancy, who brought the diamond to France from India where he had been the French ambassador.
This diamond found in India that has been owned by a number of European royal houses. In May 2012, it was sold at Sotheby’s auction in Geneva for $9.57 million. The original estimated price of $2 million was lifted five times during the eight-minute battle between five buyers, before the diamond was sold to one of them who remained anonymous.
The Black Orlov is a black diamond, it is also known as the Eye of Brahma Diamond. It weighs 67.50 carats (13.500 g) but the orignal weighs is 195 carats (39.0 g) which is said to have been discovered in the early 19th century in India. It supposedly featured as one of the eyes in a statue of the Hindu god Brahma in Pondicherry, until it was stolen by a monk. According to legend, this theft caused the diamond to be cursed. In 1932, diamond dealer J. W. Paris is said to have taken the diamond to the United States and soon after committed suicide by jumping from a skyscraper in New York City.
Briolette of India:
The Briolette of India is a colorless diamond (weighing 90.38 carats (18.076 g)) that was found in India. It is cut in a briolette shape, and is a D-coloured (colourless) type. Its history was thought to date from the 12th century, when it was first acquired by Eleanor of Aquitaine, the Queen consort of King Louis VII of France between 1137 and 1152. This makes the Briolette of India the oldest diamond on record in the world, even older than the famous Koh-i-Noor.
The Briolette of India has disappeared from records for long periods, sometimes even for several centuries, before resurfacing again. It is currently believed to be in the possession of a European family.
The Daria-i-Noor which means “Sea of light” in Persian, (also spelled Darya-ye Noor) is one of the largest cut diamonds in the world, estimated weighing an 182 carats (36 g). Its colour is pale pink, is one of the rarest to be found in diamonds. The Daria-i-Noor is in the Iranian Crown Jewels of Central Bank of Iran in Tehran.
It was originally owned by the Kakatiya dynasty, later it was looted by Turkic, Khilji dynasty and to Mughal emperors.
Dresden Green Diamond:
The Dresden Green Diamond, also known as “Dresden Green”, estimated weighing is a 41 carats (8.2 g) with its natural green color, which probably originated in the Kollur mine in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India.
The Dresden Green is a rare Type IIa, with a clarity of VS1 and it is said to be potentially internally flawless, if slightly recut.
It is named after Dresden, the capital of Saxony, Germany where it has been on display for most of the last two centuries. Today, the diamond is shown in the “New Green Vault” at Dresden Castle.
The stone’s unique apple green color is due to natural exposure to radioactive materials. The Dresden Green Diamond has been used to compare natural versus lab-produced green diamonds.
The Florentine Diamond is a lost diamond of Indian origin. It is light yellow in colour with very slight green overtones. It is cut in the form of an irregular (although very intricate) nine-sided 126-facet double rose cut, with a weight of 137.27 carats (27.454 g). The stone is also known as the Tuscan, the Tuscany Diamond, the Grand Duke of Tuscany, the Austrian Diamond and the Austrian Yellow Diamond. It has been cut by Lodewyk van Bercken for Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.
French Blue (or Tavernier Blue before its cut):
The Tavernier Blue was the precursor diamond to the Blue Diamond of the French Crown (aka the French Blue), and subsequently the Hope Diamond. This provenance was accepted by many historians and gemologists for years and was scientifically proven with 3D imaging and prototyping technology in 2005. Total Weighing of French Diamond is 112 3/16 carats.
The crudely finished gem was described by the French gem dealer Jean-Baptiste Tavernier as a “violet” (which was in those days a synonym for blue) and of perfect clarity.
The Graff Pink, a rarest 24.78 carat pink diamond, once owned by American celebrity jeweller Harry Winston, has been described as “one of the greatest diamonds ever discovered“. The diamond, mounted in a ring, was sold by Sotheby’s auctioneers in Geneva, Switzerland on 16 November 2010. Before its sale, the stone was expected to enter the list of the top ten most expensive diamonds in the world, on selling for US $46 million (£29 million) it became the most expensive single jewel ever sold at auction at that time.
Great Mogul Diamond:
Great Mogul is believed to have been discovered around 1650 most probably around Kollur Mine in the Golconda region of southern India. Tavernier described the diamond as “The stone is of the same form as if one cut an egg through the middle“.
Mogul, 787 carats rough diamond was gifted by Emir Jemla to Shah Jahan, the 5th Mughal emperor, as part of diplomacy between the two families.
Gruosi diamoind is a heart-shaped black diamond, the largest black diamond of such cut in the world, weighing 115.34 carats. This heart is the centrepiece of a necklace made of 58.77 carats of smaller black diamonds, 378 white diamonds and 14.10 carats of tsavorite garnets, set in white gold.
It took three years to cut the Gruosi Diamond. Received rough in 1998 from India and weighing 300.12 carats, it was originally planned to have an oval shape, but as cutting progressed, the material of the stone proved extremely fragile and very difficult to work.
The Hope Diamond is one of the most famous jewels in the world, with ownership records dating back almost four centuries. Its much-admired rare blue color is due to trace amounts of boron atoms. Weighing 45.52 carats, its exceptional size has revealed new findings about the formation of gemstones.
The Hope Diamond, is also known as Le Bijou du Roi (“the King’s Jewel”). Le bleu de France (“France’s Blue”), and the Tavernier Blue, is a large, 45.52-carat (9.104 g), deep-blue diamond, and now housed in the National Gem and Mineral collection at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. It is blue to the naked eye because of trace amounts of boron within its crystal structure, and exhibits a red phosphorescence under exposure to ultraviolet light.
The Hortensia diamond was mined in India and is one of the Golconda Diamonds. It was purchased by King Louis XIV of France in 1643 and was in his custody until 1715. It is a 20 carat pentagonal diamond. Currently it is part of the French Crown Jewels. It was stolen twice during the French revolution and from the custody of the Ministry of Marine. Hortensia is display at the Galerie d’Apollon of the Louvre museum in Paris.
The Jacob Diamond, which previously known as the Imperial or Great White Diamond, is a large diamond. This diamond ranked fifth in the world in size. It is believed to be the Victoria Diamond, previously owned by the Nizam of Hyderabad and currently owned by the Government of India.
It is cut in a rectangular cushion-cut, with 58 facets, and measures 39.5 mm long, 29.25 mm wide and 22.5 mm deep. The diamond weighs 184.75 carats (36.90 g).
Unlike the famous Koh-i-Noor, the Jacob diamond can be branded as a nonviolent diamond, one which has changed hands only twice in the history of its existence. However, it only came into the possession of India after its amalgamation of the Hyderabad state into the Republic of India.