Want to know the Mega Dams created by our Indian Engineers
India is country with some of the great rivers like Ganga, Narmada and Brahmputra. These rivers are having some of the big dams and largest reservoirs in India such as Nanak Sagar and Indira Sagar. Lalitpur district in Uttar Pradesh is well known for its 7 dams, those are Tehri Dam, Bhakra dam, Hirakud dam, Nagarjuna Sagar dam etc. These large dams play an important role for Irrigation and Agriculture growth of the nation, but at the same time it affect the people, environment and wildlife.
Here is a look at some of the mega dams in India:
Tehri Dam – Uttarakhand
- It is the highest dam in India & 8th highest dam in the world.
- Tehri Dam is located on the Bhagirathi River near Tehri in Uttarakhand, India.
- It is the primary Dam of the Tehri Hydro Development Corporation Ltd. & the Tehri Hydroelectric Complex.
- Dam has a capacity for generation of 1,000 megawatts
- Construction of the Tehri Dam was completed in 2006, whereas the pumped storage power plant scheme is currently under construction.
- Nearest Railway Station for Tehri Dam is Rishikesh at 76 Kms, nearest Airport is Jolly Grant (Dehradun) at 93 Kms.
- Height of Tehri Dam: 260 meters
- Length of Tehri Dam: 575 meters
- Type: Earth and rock-fill
- Reservoir Capacity: 2,100,000 acre ft.
Bhakra Dam – Himachal Pradesh
- Largest dam of India and highest gravity dam in the world
- It has height of 741 feet (225.55 m.) with length of 1700 feet (518.25 m.)
- It’s a Concrete gravity dam across the river Sutlej in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh.
- Constructed in 1963 with capacity for generation of 1,350 megawatts of hydroelectricity.
- Bhakra Dam is truly one of the most awe-inspiring attraction point.
- The Bhakra – Nangal Dam is a joint venture of the governments of Rajasthan, Haryana and Punjab.
- Its reservoir, known as the “Gobind Sagar Lake“, is the second largest reservoir in India, stores up to 9.34 billion cubic metres of water.
- Nearest airport is Chandigarh at 105 kms. and Railway station is few Kms away.
Hirakud Dam – Orissa
- One of the longest earthen dam (26 kms) in the world is built across the Mahanadi River, Orissa.
- Located about 15 km from Sambalpur in Orissa.
- Inaugurated by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on 13 January 1957.
- It is a composite structure of earth, concrete and stone.
- Hirakud Reservoir is 55 km long.
- First multi-purpose river valley projects started after India’s independence, the major motive being to control flood, irrigation and power generation.
- Dam has height of 60.96 m (200 ft) with length of 25.8 km (16 mi).
- Power Generation – 347.5 megawatts of hydroelectricity.
- Nearest railway stations are on few Kms away and Airport is at Bhubaneswar (324 Kms.)
NagarjunaSagar Dam – Andhra Pradesh
- It is the world’s largest masonry dam.
- Built on the Krishna River at Nagarjuna Sagar, straddling the borders of Nalgonda and Guntur districts.
- One of the earliest multi-purpose irrigation and hydro-electric projects in India.
- The dam was constructed in 1967 with 490 feet (150 m) tall and 0.99 miles (1.6 km) long with 26 gates.
- Dam has power generation capacity of 815.6 MW with 8 units.
- It has water reservoir capacity of 11,472,000,000 cubic metres.
- Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is certainly the pride of India-considered the largest man-made lake in the world.
- Nearest airport is in Hyderabad at 150 Kms. and the railway station is Macherla at 24 Kms.
Sardar Sarovar Dam – Gujarat
- It is second largest concrete gravity dam (by volume) on the Narmada River near Navagam in Gujarat.
- Dam has the world’s third largest spillway discharging capacity.
- The dam is meant to benefit the 4 major states of India Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan.
- It’s the part of series of large irrigation and hydroelectric multi-purpose dams on the Narmada River.
- Capacity of the power facilities is 1,450 MW with height of 138.68 m (455 ft).
- Indian government has approved the proposal to raise the dam’s height from 121.9 metres to 138.7 metres, making it the second highest dam in the world after Grand Coulee in the US.
- The Dam was inaugurated by our prime minister Mr. Narendra Modi on 17th September,2017
Indirasagar Dam – Madhya Pradesh
- Largest reservoir in India with capacity of 12.22 billion cu m.
- Built on Narmada River in 2005, with 92 m high and 653 m long concrete gravity dam.
- Located in Mundi in Khandwa district in Western Madhya Pradesh.
- It’s a multipurpose project, built as a joint venture between Madhya Pradesh irrigation and National Hydroelectric Power Corporation.
- It provides Irrigation in 1,230 square kilometres of land with annual production of 2.7 billion units.
- Power Generation – 1000 megawatts of hydroelectricity.
- Nearest Airport is Khandwa at 30 Kms. and connecting Railway stations are on few Kms away.
Bhavanisagar Dam – Tamil Nadu
- Second largest dam in Tamil Nadu and also known as the Bhavani Dam.
- Located on the Bhavani River in Erode district, Tamil Nadu.
- First major irrigation project initiated in India after independence in 1947 and was completed by 1956.
- Dam feeds the Lower Bhavani Project Canal.
- It has hight of 32 m (105 ft) with Capacity of 32.8 tmc of reservoir.
- Nearest Airport is Coimbatore at 62 Kms. and Erode Junction Railway Station is 79 Kms away.